The route of administration of steroids can greatly affect its efficiency. There are several ways substances like steroids can be administered; skin by means of cream, lungs by means of an inhaler, intravenously by means of an injection and orally by ingesting tablets.
Steroids are usually prescribed in cases on an inflammatory response or allergic reaction and they are hormone influencers. Oral steroids however are effective and are the most commonly used in most cases. Oral steroids are most commonly glucocorticoids such as hydrocortisone, prednisolone, methylprednisolone, and Dexamethasone. Another group of oral steroids are the mineralocorticoids which functions as alternatives for replacing certain steroids that the body is unable to produce by itself, this kind of steroid includes fludrocortisones as the most commonly used and can come in either liquid solution or tablet form.
Oral steroids are quite common unlike most others and can easily be purchased over the counter at pharmacies with a doctor’s prescription in order to avoid side effects obtained from misuse or substance abuse.
Taking oral steroids during pregnancy should only be on prescription as this can increase the health risk on the fetus. Steroids however should be avoided if possible at early stages of pregnancy.
Another distinction of oral steroid is corticosteroid, which occurs naturally in the body and works to fight diseases and release of histamines which are usually released during allergic reactions. This kind of steroid is different from anabolic steroids which are mostly used by athletes and body builders to enhance physical performance and increase muscle capacity.
Oral steroids can be prescribed for health conditions such as severe allergic reactions, inflammatory bowel diseases, chronic and obstructive pulmonary diseases, auto-immune responses and muscular problems such as rheumatoid arthritis and the likes.
The dosage of these oral steroids and the cycle of treatment can only be decided by a doctor under constant monitoring and evaluation.